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Month of Muharram is a Month of Glory

By: Ibn Tiangfei

Today we have entered a new Hijri year as the only year that is fully owned by Muslims, so that the new year is called Hijri Islamic new year. The first month in the Islamic new year is the month of Muharram. Muharram or meaningful harram noble, so the month of Muharram is a glorious month. Why is it called a glorious month? Because in this month there are some virtues that must be considered as an effort to increase faith and piety, and turn the Sunnah Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.
1. Allah 'Azza wa Jalla ban to all my people to do evil in the month of Muharram.

Allah Almighty says,
"Indeed the number of months according to Allah is twelve months, (as) in the ordinance of God at the time He created the heavens and earth, of which there are four months forbidden. That's what (provision) the right religion, so do not persecute yourself in (four months) that ... ". (Surat At-Tauba: 36).

"They ask thee (O Muhammad) concerning fighting in unlawful. Say: fighting in the month it is (sin) of ... ". (Surat al-Baqara: 217).

Month in question is illegitimate Zulqa'dah, Zulhijjah, Muharram and Rajab. In the fourth month, Allah Almighty forbade Muslims make war. Unless Muslims under attack in advance, according to the word of Allah 'Azza wa Jalla,

"Month by month haram haram, and (against) something that is respected in force (law) qisas. Therefore, whoever is attacking you, then attack him worth the attacks against you. " (Surat al-Baqara: 194).

There are differences of opinion among the scholars about the meaning of the ban do evil in the fourth month of haram. Some of them were of the opinion that the war in mean despotism is absolute. There is an opinion (and this is more correct) that the intent of tyranny is the prohibition of the start of war. There are also scholars who argue that what is meant by tyranny is sin and disobedience.
2. Implement the sunnah of fasting (fasting Ashura) in the month of Muharram.

Fasting Ashura is strongly recommended by Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. He said,

"Fasting is the most important after the fasting of Ramadan is fasting the month of Muharram." (Narrated by: Muslim).

History and the Primacy of Ashura Fasting

"The people of Quraish used to fast on the day of Ashura in the jaahiliyyah, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam was doing at the time jaahiliyyah. When he arrived in Madinah, he fasted on that day and ordered his followers to fast." (Hadith Sahih Bukhari History 3 / 454, 4/102-244, 7 / 147, 8 / 177, 178, Ahmad 6 / 29, 30, 50, 162, Muslim 2 / 792, 753 Tirmidhi, Abu Daud 2442, Ibn Majah 1733, Nasa'i in Al-Kubra 2 / 319, 320, Al-Humaidi 200, Al-Bayhaqi 4 / 288, Abdurrazaq 4 / 289, Ad-Darimy 1770, Ath-Thohawi 2 / 74 and Ibn Hibbaan in his Saheeh, 5 / 253) .

"The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam arrived in Madinah, then he saw the Jews fasting on Ashura day. He asked:" What's this? "They said:" A good day, this is the day that God saved the Israelites from their enemies them, then Moses fasted on that day as a form of gratitude. " Then he Prophet replied: "I have more right to Moses than you (Jews), then we will fast on that day as a form of exaltation we are against that day." (Hadith Sahih Bukhari History 4 / 244, 6 / 429, 7 / 274, Muslim 2 / 795, Abu Daud 2444, in Al-Kubra Nasa'i 2 / 318, 319, Ahmad 1 / 291, 310, Abdurrazaq 4 / 288 , Ibn Majah 1734, Bayhaqi 4 / 286, Al-Humaidi 515, Ath-Thoyalisi 928).

Two hadith above shows that the Quraish tribe fasted on the day of Ashura in the jaahiliyyah, and the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has been done before hijrah. Then, when arriving in Madinah, he found the Jews fasting on that day, the Prophet was fasting and asked his followers to fast. So the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam to do the fast of Ashura is not because it follows the Jewish people, because the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam has been carrying out fast before he went to Medina.

Some scholars think about the number of days and fasting on Ashura:

1. Fasting for 3 days, on 9, 10 and 11 Muharram

2. Fasting for 2 days, on 9 and 10 Muharram

3. Fasting for 2 days by selecting one, ie on 9 and 10 or 10 and 11 Muharram

4. Fasting for 1 day ie the 10th of Muharram only

The majority of scholars choose how fast of Ashura no. 1, because they tend to be careful in following the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.

And Allaah knows best.

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